Publications


 

Journals

2016

Chun, Z., Montaseri, M.H., Wood, G.S., Pu, S. and Kraft, M. A review on MEMS coupled resonators for sensing applications utilizing mode localization. Accepted at Sensors and Actuators A.

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Xie, J.B., Chang, H. Pu, S.H. and Kraft, M. Comparative study of output metrics for A MEMS resonant sensor consisting of three weakly coupled resonators. Accepted at ASME/IEEE J. of MEMS. doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2016.2580529

Wood, G.S., Chun, Z., Pu, S.H., Boden, S.A., Sari, I. and Kraft, M. An investigation of structural dimension variation in electrostatically-coupled MEMS resonator pairs using mode-localization. Accepted at IEEE Sensors Journal. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2016.2573850

Pachkawade, V., Junghare, R., Patrikar, R. and Kraft, M. Mechanically-coupled ring-resonator filter and array (analytical and finite element model). Accepted at IET Journal of Computers & Digital Technciques. doi: 10.1049/iet-cdt.2015.0202

Chen, F., Li, X. and Kraft, M. Electromechanical Sigma-Delta Modulators (EMSDM) force feedback interfaces for capacitive MEMS inertial sensors: a review. Accepted at IEEE Sensors Journal. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2016.2582198

Zhang, H.M., Yuan, W.Z., Li, B.Y., Hao, Y.C., Kraft, M. and Chang, H.L. An acceleration sensing method based on the mode localization of weakly coupled resonators IEEE/ASME J. of MEMS. Vol. 25, Iss. 2, pp. 286-296, 2016. doi:10.1109/JMEMS.2015.2514092.

Wood, G.S., Chun, Z., Pu, S.H., Boden, S.A., Sari, I. and Kraft, M. Mass sensor utilising the mode-localisation effect in an electrostatically-coupled MEMS resonator pair fabricated using an SOI process. J. Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 159, pp. 169-173, 2016. doi:10.1016/j.mee.2016.03.035

Mross, S., Zimmermann, T., Winkin, N., Kraft, M. and Vogt, H. Integrated multi-sensor system for parallel in-situ monitoring of cell nutrients, metabolites, cell density and pH in biotechnological processes. Sensors and Actuators, B, in press. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.086

2015

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Xie, J.B., Chang, H. Pu, S.H. and Kraft, M. A three degree-of-freedom weakly coupled resonator sensor with enhanced stiffness sensitivity. IEEE/ASME J. of MEMS, Vol. 25, Iss. 1, pp. 38-51, 2015. doi:10.1109/JMEMS.2015.2490204

Mross, S., Fürst, P., Pierrat, S., Zimmermann, T., Vogt, H. and Kraft, M. Enzyme sensor with Polydimethylsiloxane membrane and CMOS potentiostat for wide-range glucose measurements. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 15, No. 12, pp. 7096–7104, 2015. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2015.2470111

Almutairi, B., Alshehri, A. and Kraft, M. Design and implementation of a MASH2-0 Electromechanical Sigma-Delta Modulator for capacitive MEMS sensors using dual quantization method. IEEE/ASME J. of MEMS, Vol. 24, Iss. 5, pp. 1251-1263, 2015.

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Xie, J., Chang, H. Pu, S.H. and Kraft, M. A force sensor based on three weakly coupled resonators with ultrahigh sensitivity. Sensors and Actuators A, Vol 232, pp. 151-162, 2015. doi:10.1016/j.sna.2015.05.011

Mross, S., Pierrat, S., Zimmermann, T. and Kraft, M. Microfluidic enzymatic biosensing systems: a review. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Vol 70, pp. 376-391, 2015. doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.03.049

Sari, I. and Kraft, M. A linear accelerator for levitated micro-objects. Sensors & Actuators A, Vol 222, pp. 15-23, 2015.

2014

Gembaczka, P., Görtz, M., Göhlich, A. Mokwa, W. and Kraft, M. Encapsulation of implantable integrated MEMS pressure sensors using Polyimide Epoxy composite and Atomic Layer Deposition. J. of Sensors and Sensor Systems. Vol 3, pp. 335-347, 2014. doi:10.5194/jsss-3-335-2014.

de Leon, M.T., Tarazona, A. Chong, H. and Kraft, M. Design, modelling, and evaluation of thermoelectric generators with hot-wire chemical vapor deposited polysilicon as thermoelement material. Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 43, Iss. 11, pp. 4070-4081, 2014.

de Leon, M.T., Chong, H. and Kraft, M. Solar thermoelectric generators fabricated on a silicon-on-insulator substrate. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 24, 085011, 2014.

Sterling, R.C., Rattanasonti, H., Weidt, S., Lake, K. Srinivasan, P., Webster, S.C., Kraft, M. and Hensinger, W.K. Two-dimensional ion trap lattice on a microchip for quantum simulation. Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Article number: 3637, 2014.

Chen, F., Yuan, W., Chang, H., Yuan, G., Xie, J. and Kraft, M. Design and implementation of an optimized double closed-loop control system for MEMS vibratory gyroscope. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 14, Iss. 1, pp. 184 – 196, 2014.

2013

Cotter, J.P., Zeimpekis, I., Kraft, M., Hinds, E.A. Improved surface quality of anisotropically etched silicon {111} planes for mm-scale integrated optics. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 23, 117006, 2013.

Gleeson, R. Kraft, M. and White, N. Design and analysis of an SOI MEMS voltage step up converter. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 23, 114017, 2013.

Chang, H., Zhao, H., Ye, F., Yuan, G., Xie, J., Kraft, M. and Yuan, W.  A rotary comb-actuated microgripper with a large displacement range. J. of Microsystem Technologies, DOI 10.1007/s00542-013-1737-8,  2013.

2012

Laliotis, A., Trupke, M., Cotter, J.P., Lewis, G., Kraft, M. and Hinds, E.A. ICP polishing of silicon for high-quality optical resonators on a chip. J. Micromech. Microeng, Vol. 22, No. 12, 125011, 2012.

Alshehri, A., Gardonio, P. and Kraft, M. Two-mass MEMS velocity sensor: internal feedback loop design. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 13, Iss. 3, pp. 1003 – 1011, 2012.

Ding, H., Yang, Z., Wang, Z., Kraft, M. and Yan, G. MEMS gyroscope control system using a band-pass continuous-time sigma-delta modulator. J. Science China, Information Sciences, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 1-10, 2012.

Chen, F., Chang, H., Yuan, W., Wilcock, R. and Kraft, M. Parameter optimization for a high-order band-pass continuous-time sigma-delta modulator MEMS gyroscope using a genetic algorithm approach. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol.22,  No. 10, 105006, 2012.

Almutairi, B. and Kraft, M. Multi stage noise shaping Sigma-Delta Modulator (MASH) for capacitive MEMS accelerometers. Sensors and Actuators, A., Vol. 186, pp. 169-177, 2012.

Chang, H., Xue, L., Jiang, C., Kraft, M. and Yuan, W. Combining numerous uncorrelated MEMS gyroscopes for accuracy improvement based on an optimal Kalman filter. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation & Measurement, Vol. 61, Iss. 11, pp. 3084 - 3093, 2012.

Zeimpekis, I., Sari, I. and Kraft, M. Characterization of a mechanical motion amplifier applied to a MEMS accelerometer. IEEE/ASME J. of MEMS, Vol. 21, Iss. 5, pp. 1032-1042, 2012.

Zhang, F., Chang, H., Ding, J., Ye, F., Kraft, M. and Yuan, W. A highly reliable integrated PDMS interconnector with a long cast flange for microfluidic systems. J. of Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 18, No.6, pp. 723-730, 2012.

Sari, I., Zeimpekis, I. and Kraft, M. A dicing free SOI process for MEMS devices. J. Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 95, pp. 121-129, 2012.

2011

Wilcock, R. and Kraft, M. Genetic algorithm for the design of electro-mechanical Sigma Delta Modulator MEMS sensors. MDPI Sensors J., Vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 9217-9238, 2011.

2010

Qiao, X., Gao, N., Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M., and Starvink, M.J. Microembossing of ultrafine grained Al: Microstructural analysis and finite element modeling. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 20, 105002, 2010.  

Srinivasan, P., Gollasch, C.O. and Kraft, M. Three dimensional electrostatic actuators for tunable optical micro cavities. Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 161, pp. 191-198, 2010.

Qiao, X., Gao, N., Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M., and Starvink, M.J. Fabrication of MEMS components using ultra fine grained aluminium. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 045029, 2010.

Sewell, R.J., Dingjan, J., Baumgaertner, F., Llorente-Garcia, I., Eriksson, S., Hinds, E.A., Lewis, G., Srinivasan, P., Moktadir, Z., Gollasch, C. and Kraft, M. Atom Chip for BEC interferometry. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics., Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 051003,2010.

Ding, H., Liu, X., Cui, J., Chi, X., Lin, L., Kraft, M., Yang, Z., and Yan, G. A High-resolution Silicon-on-glass z-axis gyroscope operating at atmospheric pressure. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 1066-1074, 2010.

2009

Iqtidar Shakoor, R., Ahmed Bazaz, S., Kraft, M., Lai, Y. and Masood ul Hassan, M. Thermal actuation based 3-DoF non-resonant microgyroscope using MetalMUMPs. Sensors, Vol 9(4), pp. 2389-2414, 2009.

Lewis, G., Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M and Liudi, J. Resistivity percolation of co-sputtered amorphous Si/Ti films. Materials Letters 63, pp. 215-217, 2009.

Gong, W., Mowlem, M., Kraft, M. and Morgan, H. A simple, low cost double beam spectrophotometer for colorimetric detection of nitrite in seawater. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, Iss. 7, pp. 862-869, 2009.

Lewis, G., Moktadir, Z., Gollasch, C., Kraft, M., Pollock, S., Ramirez-Martinez, F., Ashmore, J.P., Laliotis, M. J.P., Trupke, M. and Hinds, E.A. Fabrication of magneto-optical atom traps on a chip. IEEE J. of Microelectromechnical Systems, Vol.18, No. 2, pp. 347-353, 2009.

2008

Taberham, A., Kraft, M., Mowlem, M. and Morgan, H. Fabrication of lab-on-chip devices from fluoropolymers. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 064011 (8pp), 2008.

Moktadir, Z. and Kraft, M. Scaling properties of pyrex and silicon surfaces blasted with sharp particles. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 387, pp. 2083-2090, 2008.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M., Hedenstierna, N. and Redman-White, W. Microgyroscope control system using a high-order band-pass continuous-time sigma-delta modulator. Sensors and Actuator, A, Vol. 145, pp. 299-305, 2008.

Damrongsak, B., Kraft, M., Rajgopal, S. and Mehregany, M. Design and fabrication of a micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope. Proc. of  the IMechE, Part C, J. of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 222, No. 1, pp. 53-63, 2008.

2007

Moktadir, Z., Darquie, B, Kraft, M. and Hinds, E.A. The effect of self-affine fractal roughness of wires on atom chips. Journal of Modern Optics, Vol. 54, Nos. 13-15, pp. 2149-2160, 2007.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Redman-White, W. High order noise shaping filters for high performance inertial sensors. IEEE Trans. on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 56, No.5, pp. 1666-1674, 2007.

Jiang, L., Pandraud, G, French, P.J., Spearing, S.M. and Kraft, M. A novel method for nanoprecision alignment in wafer bonding applications. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 17, No.7, pp. S61-S67, 2007.

Sun, D., Dong, W., Liu, C., Wang, G., Chen, W. and Kraft, M. Characteristic analysis on dynamic response of a micro-actuator. J. of Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 13, No.1, 2007.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Redman-White, W. Micromachined vibratory gyroscopes controlled by a high order band-pass sigma delta modulator. IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol 7, Iss 1, pp. 59-69, 2007.

2006 

Kiang, K.S., Houlihan, R., Gindila, M., Damrongsak, B. and Kraft, M. Design and simulation of a spring-less micro switch. Electronics World, Vol. 112, Iss.1844, pp. 30-34, 2006.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Redman-White, W. Force feedback linearization for higher-order electromechanical sigma-delta modulators. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 16, pp S54-60, 2006.

Trupke, M., Ramirez-Martinez, F., Curtis, E.A., Ashmore, J.P., Eriksson, S., Hinds, E.A. Moktadir, Z., Gollasch, C., Kraft, M., Vijaya Prakash, G., and Baumberg, J.J., Pyramidal micro-mirrors for microsystems and atom chips.  Applied Physics Letters, 88, 071116, 2006.

2005

Trupke, M., Hinds, E.A., Eriksson, S., Curtis, E.A., Moktadir, Z., Koukharenka, A and Kraft, M., Microfabricated open optical cavity with small volume and high finesse. Applied Physics Letters, 87, 2005.

Koukharenka, A, Kraft, M., Ensell, G. and Hollinshead, N. A comparative study of four thick photoresists for MEMS applications. Journal Material Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 16, No11-12, pp. 741-747, 2005.

Eriksson, S., Trupke, M., Powell, H.F., Sahagun, D., Sinclair, C.D.J., Curtis, E.A., Sauer, B.E., Hinds, E.A., Moktadir, Z., Gollasch, C.O. and Kraft, M. Integrated optical components on atom chips. European Physical Journal D, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 135-139, 2005.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Gollasch, C.O, A high performance accelerometer with fifth order sigma delta modulator. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 15, pp. S22-S29, 2005.

Moktadir, Z. and Kraft, M. Wavelets characterization of coarsening during unstable MBE growth. Microelectronics Journal, Vol. 36, Iss. 3-6, pp.601-604, 2005.

Moktadir, Z., Wensink, H. and Kraft, M. Analytical model for micromachining of brittle materials with sharp particles. Microelectronics Journal, Vol. 36, Iss. 3-6, pp.608-611, 2005.

Houlihan, R. and Kraft, M. Modelling squeeze film effects in a MEMS accelerometer with levitated proof mass. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 15, No.5, pp. 803-902, 2005.

Gollasch, C.O, Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M., Bagnall, D. M., Trupke, M., Eriksson, S.J. and Hinds, E.A. A three-dimensional electrostatic actuator with a locking mechanism for a new generation of atom chips. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 15, pp. S39-S46, 2005.

Sun, D.M., Dong, W., Guo, W.B., Liu, C.X., Wang, G.D., Yan, X., Xu, B.K., Chen, W.Y. and Kraft, M. Study on actuating voltage and switching time of a MOEMS optical switch. Journal of Optics & Laser Technology, Vol 37/8, pp.601-607, 2005.

2004

Moktadir, Z., Koukharenka, A., Kraft, M., Bagnall, D. M., Jones, M., Powell, H. and Hinds, E. Etching techniques for the realization of optical micro-cavities on silicon for atom traps. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 14,  No. 9. pp. S82-S85, 2004.

Haas, C.H. and Kraft, M. Modelling and analysis of a MEMS approach to DC voltage step-up conversion. J. Micromech. Microeng. Vol. 14,  No. 9, pp. S114-S122, 2004.

Koukharenka, A, Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M., Abdelsalam, M.E., Bagnall, D., Vale, C., Jones, M.P.A and Hinds, E.A. Microfabrication of gold wires for atom guides. Sensors and Actuator, A, Vol. 115, pp. 600-607, 2004.

Stefanou, S., Hamel, J.S., Baine, P., Bain, M., Armstrong, B.M., Gamble, H.S., Kraft, M., Kemhadjian, H.A. Ultra low silicon substrate noise crosstalk using metal Faraday cages in a silicon-on-insulator technology. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol. 51, No.3, pp. 486-491, 2004.

2003

Gindila, M.V. and Kraft, M. Electronics interface design for an electrically floating micro-disc. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 13,  pp. S11-S16, 2003.

Kukharenka, A., Farooqui, M.M., Grigore, L., Kraft, M. and Hollinshead, N. Electroplating moulds using dry film thick negative photoresist. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 13,  pp. S67-S74, 2003.

Kukharenka, A. and Kraft, M. Realisation of electroplating moulds with thick positive SPR 220-7 photoresist. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 14, pp. 319-322, 2003.

2002

Houlihan, R. and Kraft, M. Modelling of an accelerometer based on a levitated proof mass. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 495-503, 2002.

2001

Kraft, M. Farooqui, M.M. and Evans, A.G.R. Modelling and design of an electrostatically levitated disk. J. Micromech. Microeng., Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 423-427, 2001.

2000

Kraft, M. Micromachined inertial sensors: The state of the art and a look into the future. IMC Measurement and Control, Vol. 33, No. 6, pp. 164 – 168, 2000.

1999

Gaura, E., Kraft, M., Steele, N. and Rider, R.J.  A comparison of approaches for the design of closed-loop micromachined accelerometers. Journal System Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 47 – 62, 1999.

1998

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P. and Hesketh, T.G. Closed loop silicon accelerometers. IEE Proceedings ‑ Circuits, Devices and Systems, Vol. 145, No. 5, pp. 325 – 331, 1998.

Lewis, C.P., Hesketh, T.G., Kraft, M. and Florescu, M. A digital pressure transducer. Trans. Inst. of Meas. and Control, Vol 20, No. 2. pp. 98-102, 1998.

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P., Hesketh, T.G. and Szymkowiak, S. A novel micromachined accelerometer capacitive interface. Sensors & Actuators, A 68, pp. 466-473, 1998.

1996

Lewis, C.P., Kraft, M. and Hesketh, T.G. Mathematical model for a micromachined accelerometer. Trans. Inst. of Meas. and Control, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 92 - 98, 1996.

 

Books

[1]       Kraft, M. and White, N. (editors) MEMS for automotive and aerospace applications. Woodhead Publishing, ISBN 978-0-85709-118-5, 2013.

[2]       Kraft, M. System level modeling of electro-mechanical sigma delta modulators for inertial MEMS sensors. In System-Level Modeling of MEMS. Wiley, ISBN 978-3-527-31903-9, 2013.

[3]       Kraft, M. Digital feedback control for microsensors. In Smart MEMS and Sensor Systems. Imperial College Press, ISBN 1-86094-493-0, 2006.

[4]       Bain, M., Stefanos, S., Baine, P.T., Loh, S.H., Jin, L., Montgomery, J.H., Armstrong, B.M., Gamble, H.S., Hamel, J., McNeill, D.W., Kraft, M. and Kemhadjian, H. Silicon-on-insulator substrates with buried ground, planes (GPSOI). In Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment,      NATO Science Series, Vol. 185, Part 6, pp. 273-278, 2005.

[5]       Beeby, S., Ensell, G., Kraft, M. and White, N. MEMS Physical Sensors. Artech House. ISBN 1-58053-536-4, 2004.

 

Conferences

2015 

Almutairi, B. and Kraft, M. MASH2-0 electromechanical sigma-delta modulator for capacitive MEMS sensors with digital filter calibration using simulated annealing. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conf., pp. 1649-1652, Busan, South Korea, Nov. 2015.

Wood, G.S., Zhao, C., Sari, I., Pu, S.H., and Kraft, M. Sensor based on the mode-localization effect in electrostatically-coupled MEMS resonators fabricated using an SOI process. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conf., pp. 646-649, Busan, South Korea, Nov. 2015.

Wood, G.S., Zhao, C., Pu, S.H., Boden, S.A., Sari, I. and Kraft, M. Mass sensor utilising the mode-localisation effect in an electrostatically-coupled MEMS resonator pair fabricated using an SOI process. Proc. 41st Micro and Nano Engineering Conf., The Hague, The Netherlands, Sept. 2015.

Mross, S., Zimmermann, T., Winkin, N., Kraft, M. and Vogt, H. Integrated multi-sensor system for parallel in-situ monitoring of cell nutrients, metabolites and cell mass in biotechnological processes. Proc. Eurosensors, CS02-1, Freiburg, Sept. 2015.

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Pu, S.H. and Kraft, M. A feasibility study for a self-oscillating loop for a three degree of-freedom coupled MEMS resonator force sensor. Proc. Eurosensors, MP-L01, Freiburg, Sept. 2015.

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Xie, J.B., Chang, H.L. Pu, S.H. and Kraft, M.  Comparative study of different output metrics for a three weakly coupled resonator sensor. Proc. Transducers 2015, W2P.095, Anchorage, USA, June 2015.

Montaseri, M., Xie, J.B., Chang, H. Chao, Z., Wood, G. and Kraft, M.  Atmospheric pressure mode localization coupled resonators stiffness sensor. Proc. Transducers 2015, T4P.016, Anchorage, USA, June 2015.

Zhang, H.M., Yuan, W.Z., Li, B.Y., Hao, Y.C., Kraft, M. and H.L. Chang A novel resonant accelerometer based on model localization of weakly coupled resonators. Proc. Transducers 2015, M3P.005, Anchorage, USA, June 2015.

Walk, C., Goehlich, A., Giese, A., Goertz, M., Vogt, H. and Kraft, M. Investigation of diaphragm deflection of an absolute MEMS capacitive polysilicon pressure sensor. Proc. SPIE Microtechnologies, Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS VII, Barcelona, May 2015.

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Xie, J., Chang, H. Pu, S.H. Chong, H.M.H. and Kraft, M. A sensor for stiffness change sensing based on three coupled resonators with enhanced sensitivity. Proc. IEEE MEMS Conf., Portugal, Jan. 2015.

Ghoshdastider, U., Viga, R. and Kraft, M. Experimental evaluation of a pairwise broadcast synchronization in a low-power cyber-physical system. Accepted at Radio Wireless Week (RWW), San Diego, USA, Jan. 2015.

2014

Görtz, M., vom Bögel, G. and Kraft, M. Implantable sensor to measure liquor pressure of a ventricular drainage system. Proc. 48th DGBMT Annual Conf., Hannover, Germany, Oct. 2014.

Gembaczka, P., Görtz, M., and Kraft, M. Development of an implantable integrated MEMS pressure sensor using polyimide epoxy composite and Atomic Layer Deposition for encapsulation. Proc. 48th DGBMT Annual Conf., Hannover, Germany, Oct. 2014.

Alshehri, A., Almutairi, B., Gardonio, P. and Kraft, M. Two-degree of freedom capacitive MEMS velocity sensor with two coupled electrically isolated mass-spring-damper systems. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conference, Valencia, Spain, Nov. 2014.

Ghoshdastider, U., Viga, R. and Kraft, M. Wireless time synchronization of a collaborative brain-computer-interface using Bluetooth low energy. Proc.  IEEE Sensors Conference, Valencia, Spain, Nov. 2014.

Mross, S., Fürst, P., Pierrat, S., Zimmermann, T. and Kraft, M. CMOS potentiostat and sensor with multilayer membrane for wide range measurements of glucose concentrations. Proc.  IEEE Sensors Conference, Valencia, Spain, Nov. 2014.

Almutairi, B., Alsheri, A. and Kraft, M. MASH2-0 Electromechanical Sigma-Delta Modulator for capacitive MEMS sensors using dual quantization method. Proc.  IEEE Sensors Conference, Valencia, Spain, Nov. 2014.

Ghoshdastider, U., Viga, R. and Kraft, M. Non-invasive synchronized spatially high-resolution wireless body area network. Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP), Singapore, April 2014.

Gembaczka, P., Görtz, M., and Kraft, M. Development of an implantable integrated MEMS pressure sensor using polyimide epoxy composite and Atomic Layer Deposition for encapsulation. Accepted at Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomedizinische Technik, (BMT), Hannover, Germany, Oct. 2014.

Görtz, M., vom Bögel, G. and Kraft, M.  Implantable sensor to measure liquor pressure of a ventricular drainage system. Accepted at Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Biomedizinische Technik, (BMT), Hannover, Germany, Oct. 2014.

Chen, F., Yuan, W., Chang, H., Zeimpekis, I. and Kraft, M. Low noise vacuum-packaged MEMS closed-loop accelerometer using sixth-order multi-feedback loops and local resonator sigma-delta modulators. Proc. IEEE MEMS Conf., pp. 761-764 San Francisco, Jan. 2014.

2013

Gembaczka, P., Görtz, M., Kordas, N., Lerch, R., Muentjes, J., Kraft, M. and Mokwa, W.  Kapazitive integrierte Drucksensoren für ein implantierbares System zur drahtlosen Druckmessung in der Pulmonalarterie. Proc. Mikrosystemkongress, Aachen, Oct. 2013.

Görtz, M., Betz, W., Kraft, M., Mokwa, W., Vogt, H.  Verkapselungstechniken für implantierbare integrierte MEMS-Drucksensoren. Proc. Mikrosystemkongress, Aachen, Oct. 2013.

Rattanasonti, H., Sterling, R.C. Srinivasan, P., Hensinger, W.K. and Kraft, M. Microfabricated two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal lattice trap. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conf., pp. 1-4, Baltimore, USA, Nov. 2013.

Kißler, S., Zimmermann, T., Pierrat, S., Klein, B., Schiller, S. and Kraft, M., A new real time biomimetic membrane biosensor based on a capacitive readout ASIC for antibiotics. Proc. Transducers 2013, M3P.085, Barcelona, Spain, June 2013.

Kraft, M., Görtz, M. Müntjes, J.A., Mokwa, W., Cleven, N.J. and Schmitz-Rode, T. State of the art telemetric implantable sensors and their encapsulation.  Proc. Sensor 2013, Nürnberg, Germany, May 2013.

2012

Wood, G.S., Suan, S.H., Zhao, C. and Kraft, M. Design of biological sensors utilising mode-localisation in electrostatically coupled microresonators. Proc. Micromechanics and Microsystems Europe Workshop, Ilmenau, Germany, 2012.

Zhao, C., Wood, G.S., Suan, S.H., and Kraft, M. Design of an ultra-sensitive MEMS force sensor utilizing mode localisation in weakly coupled resonators. Proc. Micromechanics and Microsystems Europe Workshop, Ilmenau, Germany, 2012.         

Gleeson, R. Kraft, M. and White, N. Design and analysis of SOI MEMS voltage step up converters.  Proc. PowerMEMS Workshop, Atlanta, USA, Dec. 2012.

Gleeson, R. Kraft, M. and White, N. Design and analysis of MEMS step up voltage converters.  Proc. IEEE Sensors Conference, DOI: 10.1109/ ICSENS.2012.6411274 , Taipeh, Taiwan, Nov. 2012.

de Leon, M.T. and Kraft, M. Design and modelling of SOI-based solar thermoelectric generators. Proc. Eurosensors XXVI Conference, Krakov, Poland, Sept. 2012.

Kraft, M., Wilcock, R., Almutairi, B. and Fang, C. Innovative control systems for MEMS inertial sensors. (Invited) Proc. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symposium, Baltimore, pp 1-6, USA, Mai 2012.

2011

Borghesi, M., Kar, S., Prasad, R., Kakolee, F.K., Quinn, K., Ahmed, H., Sarri, G., Ramakrishna, B., Qiao, B., Geissler, M., Ter-Avetisyan, S., Zepf, M., Schettino, G., Stevens, B., Tolley, M., Ward, A., Green, J., Foster, P.S., Spindloe, C., Gallegos, P., Robinson, A.L., Neely, D., Carroll, D.C., Tresca, O., Yuan, X., Quinn, M., McKenna, P., Dover, N., Palmer, C., Schreiber, J., Najmudin, Z., Sari, I., Kraft, M., Merchant, M., Jeynes, J.C., Kirkby, K.,  Fiorini, F., Kirby, D. and Green, S. Ion source development and radiobiology applications within the LIBRA project, Proc. SPIE 8079, 80791E, 2011.

Almutairi, B. and Kraft, M. Experimental study of single loop sigma-delta and multi stage noise shaping (MASH) modulators for MEMS accelerometer. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conference, pp. 520-523, Limerick, Ireland, Nov. 2011.

Alshehri, A., Elliott, S. Zilletti, M., Gardonio, P. and Kraft, M. Two-mass MEMS velocity sensor feedback control loop design. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conference, pp. 153-156, Limerick, Ireland, Nov. 2011.

Alshehri, A., Gardonio, P., Elliott, S., Zilletti, M. and Kraft, M. Experimental evaluation of a two degree of freedom capacitive MEMS sensor for velocity measurements. Proc. Eurosensors XXV Conference, Athens, Greece, Sept. 2011.

Almutairi, B. and Kraft, M. Multi stage noise shaping Sigma-Delta Modulator (MASH) for capacitive MEMS accelerometers. Proc. Eurosensors XXV Conference, Athens, Greece, Sept. 2011.

Gleeson, R., White, N.M., and Kraft, M. Design and analysis of two types of MEMS DC-DC step up voltage converters. Proc. MME 2011 Conference, Tonsberg, Norway, June 2011.

Salimi, P. and Kraft, M. Quadrature error cancellation in high order ΣΔ Modulator closed loop interfaces for micro-gyroscopes. Proc. MME 2011 Conference, Tonsberg, Norway, June 2011.

Sari, I. and Kraft, M. A micro electrostatic linear accelerator based on electromagnetic levitation. Proc. Transducers Conference, pp. 1729-1733, China, June 2011.

Zeimpekis, I., Sari, I. and Kraft, M. Deflection amplification mechanism in a capacitive accelerometer. Proc. Transducers Conference, pp. 1096-1100, China, June 2011.

2010

Kraft, M. and Damrongsak, B Micromachined gyroscopes based on a rotating mechanically unconstrained proof mass. (Invited), Proc. IEEE Sensors Conference, Hawaii, US, Nov. 2010.

Ding, H., Yang, Z., Yan, G., Wilcock, R. and Kraft, M. MEMS gyroscope control system using a band-pass continuous-time Sigma-Delta Modulator. Proc. IEEE Sensors Conference, Hawaii, US, Nov. 2010.

Rattanasonti, H., Sterling, R.C., Srinivasan, P., Hensinger, W,K. and Kraft, M. Wet etching optimization for arbitrarily shaped planar electrode structures. Proc. MME 2010 Conference, Enschede, Netherlands, Sept. 2010.

de Leon, M.T., P. Taatizadeh, P. and Kraft, M. Improving the efficiency of thermoelectric generators by using solar heat concentrators. Proc. MME 2010 Conference, Enschede, Netherlands, Sept. 2010.

Alshehri, A., Kraft, M. and Gardonio, P. Two-degree-of-freedom capacitive mems velocity sensor: initial test measurements. Proc. MME 2010 Conference, Enschede, Netherlands, Sept. 2010.

Kiang, K. and Kraft, M. A novel low cost spring-less RF MEMS switch prototype. Proc. Eurosensors XXIV Conference, Linz, Austria, Sept. 2010.

Sari, I., Zeimpekis, I. and Kraft, M. A full wafer dicing free dry release process for MEMS devices. Proc. Eurosensors XXIV Conference, Linz, Austria, Sept. 2010.

Almutairi, B. and Kraft, M. Comparative study of multi stage noise shaping and single loop sigma-delta modulators for MEMS accelerometers. Proc. Eurosensors XXIV Conference, Linz, Austria, Sept. 2010.

Luo, J., Rapisarda, P and Kraft, M. Dynamics-level design of a band-pass Sigma-Delta-Modulator for a micro-machined gyroscope. (Invited), Proc. Int. Symp. on Mathematical Theory of Networks and Systems (MTNS 2010),Budapest, Hungary, July 2010.

2009

Srinivasan, P., Gollasch, C.O. and Kraft, M. Performance of an electrostatic actuator for tunable optical microcavities. Proc. MME 2009 Conference, paper B07, Toulouse, France, Sept. 2009.

Sari, I., Cardwell, C. and Kraft, M. A study of levitation forces in MEMS devices. Proc. MME 2009 Conference, paper A08, Toulouse, France, Sept. 2009.

Zeimpekis, I. and Kraft, M. Single stage deflection amplification in a SOG capacitive accelerometer. Proc. Eurosensors XXIII Conference, pp. 286, Lausanne, Switzerland, Sept. 2009.

Srinivasan, P., Gollasch, C.O. and Kraft, M. Design, fabrication and testing of tunable microcavities for atom chips. Proc. Eurosensors XXIII Conference, pp. 159, Lausanne, Switzerland, Sept. 2009.

Kraft, M. Engineering atom chips (Invited). Proc. IEEE NEMS, Shenzhen, China, Jan. 2009.

Kraft, M. and Ding, H. Sigma-delta modulator based control systems for MEMS gyroscopes. Proc. IEEE NEMS, pp. 41-46, Shenzhen, China, Jan. 2009.

Luo, J., Ding, H. and Kraft, M. A new design methodology for electro-mechanical Sigma- Delta-Modulators. Proc. IEEE NEMS, pp. 881-884, Shenzhen, China, Jan. 2009.

2008

Zeimpekis, I. and Kraft, M. Displacement amplification mechanism in a capacitive accelerometer. Proc. MME 2008 Conference, pp. 201-204, Aachen, Germany, Sept. 2008.

Kiang, K. and Kraft, M. Development of a low actuation voltage RF MEMS switch. Proc. Eurosensors XXII Conference, pp. 1462-1465, Dresden, Germany, Sept. 2008.

Damrongsak, B.,  Gardonio, P. and Kraft, M. MEMS velocity sensor using direct velocity feedback. Proc. Eurosensors XXII Conference, pp. 218-221, Dresden, Germany, Sept. 2008.

Breit, S.R. Welham, C.J., Rouvillois, S., Kraft, M., McNie, M. Simulation environment for accurate noise and robustness analysis of MEMS under mixed- signal control. Proc. ASME Int. Mech. Eng. Congress, Boston, Nov. 2008.

Gong, W., Mowlem, M., Morgan, H., Kraft, M. Oceanographic Sensor for in-situ temperature and conductivity monitoring. Proc. MTS/IEEE Oceans Conference, Kobe, Japan, April. 2008.

2007

Damrongsak, B. and Kraft, M. Performance analysis of a micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope employing sigma-delta force feedback. Proc. MME 2007 Conference, pp. 269-272, Portugal, Sept. 2007.

Lewis, G., Moktadir, Z., Gollasch, C., Trupke, M., Ramirez-Martinez, F., Ashmore, J.P., Hinds, E.A. and Kraft, M. Fabrication of patterned pyramidal micromirrors and current carrying wires for atom chips. Proc. MME 2007 Conference, pp. 183-186, Portugal, Sept. 2007.

Taberham, A., Kraft, M., Mowlem, M. and Morgan, H. Fabrication of lab-on-chip devices from fluoropolymers. Proc. MME 2007 Conference, pp. 111-114, Portugal, Sept. 2007.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M., Hedenstierna, N. and Redman-White, W. Microgyroscope control system using a high-order band-pass continuous-time sigma-delta modulator. Proc. Transducers 2007 Conference, Vol. 2, pp. 2533-2536, France, June 2007.

Jiang, L., Pandraud, G, French, P.J., Spearing, S.M. and Kraft, M. Wafer bonding with nanoprecision alignment for micro/nano systems. Proc. Transducers 2007 Conference, pp. 2103-2106, France, June. 2007.

Kraft, M. and Dong, Y. High-order sigma-delta interfaces for capacitive MEMS sensors. Proc. Sensor + Test Conference, Vol. 1, pp. 301-306, Germany, May 2007.

Gollasch, C.O., Moktadir, Z., Lewis, G., Kraft, M., Trupke, M., Eriksson, S.J. and Hinds, E.A. Integration of a tuneable optical micro-cavity for single atom detection on an atom chip. Proc. QELS 2007, USA, May 2007.

2006

Kiang, K.S. and Kraft, M. Development of a low voltage MEMS switch for RF applications. Proc. MME 2006 Conference, pp. 105-108, UK, Sept. 2006.

Mowlem, M., Chavagnac, V., Statham, P., Burkhill, P., Benazzi, G., Holmes, H., Morgan, H., Haas, C., Kraft, M. and Taberham, A., Microsystem technology for marine measurement. Proc. MTS/IEEE Oceans Conference, pp. 845-850, Boston, USA, Sept. 2006.

Jiang, L., Pandraud, G, French, P.J., Spearing, S.M. and Kraft, M. Nanoprecision alignment for wafer bonding. Proc. MME 2006 Conference, pp. 101-104, UK, Sept. 2006.

Haas, C. and Kraft, M. Low-cost fabrication of valveless micropumps. Proc. MME 2006 Conference, pp. 65-68, UK, Sept. 2006.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Redman-White, W. Relaxation of fabrication tolerance of micromachined inertial sensors using high order electromechanical sigma-delta modulators. Proc. MME 2006 Conference, pp. 33-36, UK, Sept. 2006.

Gollasch, C.O., Moktadir, Z., Lewis, G., Kraft, M., Trupke, M., Eriksson, S.J. and Hinds, E.A. MEMS Actuators for aligning and tuning optical micro cavities on atom chips. Proc. IET Seminar on MEMS Sensors and Actuators, pp. 275-280, UK, May 2006.

Damrongsak, B. and Kraft, M. Design and Simulation of a micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope. Proc. IET Seminar on MEMS Sensors and Actuators, pp. 267-272, UK, May 2006.

2005

Kraft, M., Dong, Y., and Redman-White, W. High order bandpass sigma delta interfaces for vibratory gyroscopes. Proc. IEEE Sensors, pp. 1080-1084, USA, Oct. 2005.

Damrongsak, B. and Kraft, M. A micromachined electrostatically suspended gyroscope with digital for feedback. Proc. IEEE Sensors, pp. 401-404, USA, Oct. 2005.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Redman-White, W. Force feedback linearization for higher-order electromechanical sigma delta modulators. Proc. MME 2005 Conference, pp. 215-218, Sweden, Sept. 2005.

Gollasch, C.O., Moktadir, Z., Lewis, G., Kraft, M., Trupke, M., Eriksson, S.J. and Hinds, E.A. A one-dimensional electrostatic actuator for tuning optical cavities on atom chips. Proc. MME 2005 Conference, pp. 219-222, Sweden, Sept. 2005.

Damrongsak, B. and Kraft, M. Electrostatic suspension control for micromachined inertial sensors employing a levitated-disk proof mass. Proc. MME 2005 Conference, pp. 240-243, Sweden, Sept. 2005.

Lewis, G., Moktadir, Z., Gollasch, C.O., Kraft, M., Trupke, M., Eriksson, S.J. and Hinds, E.A. Fabrication of gold wires for atom chips by electrochemical deposition: a comparative study. Proc. MME 2005 Conference, pp. 56-59, Sweden, Sept. 2005.

Kraft, M., Dong, Y., and Redman-White, W. Using higher-order sigma-delta modulators as interface for closed loop micromachined sensors. Proc.5th  Conf. on Advanced A/D and D/A Conversion Techniques and their Applications (ADDA), pp. 293-298, Limerick, Ireland, July 2005.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Redman-White, W.  Noise analysis for high-order electro-mechanical sigma-delta modulators. Proc. 5th Conf. on Advanced A/D and D/A Conversion Techniques and their Applications (ADDA), pp. 147-152, Limerick, Ireland, July 2005.

Malleo, D., Haas, C. and Kraft, M. Design, modelling and simulation of a PZN-PT actuated micropump. Proc. NSTI Nanotech, Vol.1, pp. 700-703, Anaheim, USA, May. 2005.

Rouabah, H. A., Gollasch, C.O. and Kraft, M. Design optimization of an electrostatic MEMS actuator with low spring constant for an ‘Atom Chip’. Proc. NSTI Nanotech, Vol.3, pp. 489-492, Anaheim, USA, May. 2005.

Kraft, M. Higher order sigma-delta modulators interfaces for capacitive sensors (Invited). The IEE Seminar and Exhibition on MEMS Sensor Technologies, pp. 5/1-5/21, London, UK, 2005.

Kraft, M. and Dong, Y. Higher order sigma-delta modulator interfaces for MEMS capacitive sensors (Invited). Proc. NSTI Nanotech, Vol.3, pp. 459-462, Anaheim, USA, May. 2005.

2004

Moktadir, Z. and Kraft, M. Wavelets Characterization of coarsening during unstable MBE growth. Proc. of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Devices Conference (LDSD), Cancun, Mexico, Dec. 2004.

Moktadir, Z., Wensink, H. and Kraft, M. Analytical model for micromachining of brittle materials with sharp particles. Proc. of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Devices Conference (LDSD), Cancun, Mexico, Dec. 2004.

Dong, Y., Kraft, M. and Gollasch, C.O, A high performance accelerometer with fifth order sigma delta modulator. Proc. MME 2004 Conference, pp. 41-44, Belgium, Sept. 2004.

Kiang, K.S., Houlihan, R., Gindila, M., Damrongsak, B. and Kraft, M. Design and simulation of a spring-less micro switch. Proc. MME 2004 Conference, pp. 57-61, Belgium, Sept. 2004.

Houlihan, R. and Kraft, M. Fringe capacitance models for MEMS devices. Proc. MME 2004 Conference, pp. 71-74, Belgium, Sept. 2004.

Gollasch, C.O, Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M., Bagnall, D. M., Trupke, M., Eriksson, S.J. and Hinds, E.A. A three-dimensional electrostatic actuator with a locking mechanism for a new generation of atom chips. Proc. MME 2004 Conference, pp. 33-36, Belgium, Sept. 2004.

Gindila, M. V., Kraft, M., Houlihan, R. and Redman-White, W. Solid-state electronic interface for a levitated disc accelerometer. Proc. Eurosensors XVIII Conference, Italy, Sept. 2004.

Gollasch, C.O, Moktadir, Z., Koukharenko, E., Kraft, M., Bagnall, D. M., Eriksson, S.J., Trupke, M. and Hinds, E.A. Integration of a two-dimensional electrostatic actuator in a new generation of atom chips. Proc. Eurosensors XVIII Conference, Italy, Sept. 2004.

Moktadir, Z., Prakash, G. V., Koukharenko, E., Gollasch, C., Bagnall, D. M., Kraft, M., Hinds, E. and Baumberg, J. J. Fabrication of micromirrors with pyramidal shape using anisotropic etching of silicon with KOH. Proc. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/IQEC), San Francisco, California, USA, 2004.

Kham, M.N., Houlihan, R. and Kraft, M. Design & Simulation of a Mechanical Amplifier for Inertial Sensing Applications. Proc. 6th Conf. on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, Vol.1, pp. 343-346, Boston, April 2004.

Dong, Y. and Kraft, M. Simulation of micromachined inertial sensors with higher-order single loop sigma-delta modulators. Proc. 6th Conf. on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, Vol.1, pp. 414-417, Boston, April 2004.

2003

Moktadir, Z., Kukharenka, A., Kraft, M., Bagnall, D. M., Jones, M., Powell, H. and Hinds, E. Etching techniques for the realization of optical micro-cavities on silicon for atom traps. Proc. Micromechanics Europe (MME), pp. 139-142, Delft, Oct. 2003.

Mokthari, M.E and Kraft, M. Advanced control systems for MEMS capacitive sensing accelerometers. Proc. Micromechanics Europe (MME), pp. 232-234, Delft, Oct. 2003.

Haas, C.H. and Kraft, M. Modelling and analysis of a MEMS approach to DC voltage step-up conversion. Proc. Micromechanics Europe (MME), pp. 235-238, Delft, Oct. 2003.

Kukharenka, A, Moktadir, Z., Kraft, M., Bagnall, D., Vale, C., Jones, M., and Hinds, E. Microfabrication of gold wires for atom guides. Proc. Eurosensors XVII Conference, pp. 414-415, Portugal, Sept. 2003.

Houlihan, R., Chee, K.L. and Kraft, M. Analytical and finite element modelling of a capacitive accelerometer. Proc. Eurosensors XVII Conference, pp. 218-219, Portugal, Sept. 2003.

Houlihan, R., Kukharenka, A., Sehr, H. and Kraft, M. Optimisation, design and fabrication of a novel accelerometer. IEEE International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers'03), pp. 1402-1406, Boston, USA, June 2003.

Baine, P., Gamble, H.S., Armstrong, B.M., Bain, M., McNeill, D.W., Stefanou, and Kraft, M. Manufacturing processes for WSi2-GPSOI substrates and their influence on cross-talk suppression and inductance. 7th Int. Symp. on Semi-conductor Wafer Bonding, pp. 57-63, Paris, France, May 2003.

2002

Stefanou, S., Hamel, J.S., Baine, P., Bain, M., Armstrong, B.M., Gamble, H.S., Kraft, M., Kemhadjian, H.A., Osman, K. Cross-talk suppression faraday cage structure in silicon-on-insulator. SOI Conference, IEEE International 2002, pp. 181 -182, USA, Oct. 2002.

Gindila, M. V. and Kraft, M. Design of an electronic interface for levitated disk accelerometer. Proc. of the Symposium on Electronics and Telecommunications Etc. vol. II, pp 192-197, Timisoara, Sept. 2002.

Gindila, M.V. and Kraft, M. Electronics interface design for a micromachined levitated disk. Proc. Micromechanics Europe (MME), pp. 185-188, Sinaia, Oct. 2002.

Mokhtari, M., Kraft, M., Alavi, F.N. and King, D. Analysis of parasitic effects in the performance of closed loop micromachined inertial sensors with higher order SD-Modulators. Proc. Micromechanics Europe (MME), pp. 173-176, Sinaia, Oct. 2002.

Kukharenka, A., Kraft, M., Farooqui, M.M., Grigore, L., and Hollinshead, N. Electroplating moulds using dry film thick negative photoresist. Proc. Micromechanics Europe (MME), pp. 95-98, Sinaia, Oct. 2002.

Xuesong, J., Wang, F., Kraft, M., and Boser, B.E. An integrated surface micromachined capacitive lateral accelerometer with 2 uG/rt-Hz resolution. Tech. Digest of Solid State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, pp. 202-205, Hilton Head Island, USA, June 2002.

Gaura, E. and Kraft, M. Are neural network techniques the solution to measurement validation, monitoring and automatic diagnosis of sensor faults? Proc. of the 41st SICE Annual Conference (SICE 2002), Vol. 3, pp. 2052-2057, Osaka, Aug. 2002.

Gaura, E. and Kraft, M. Neural Network techniques for sensor self-diagnosis and monitoring. Proc. 4th Asian Control Conference (ASCC 2002), pp. 1843-1847, Singapore, Sept. 2002.

Alavi, F.N., Kraft, M., Mokhtari, M. and King, D.O. Parameter sensitivities of a high precision accelerometer. Proc. Eurosensors XVI Conference, pp. 731-732, Prague, Sept. 2002.

Kukharenka, A. and Kraft, M. Electroplating moulds with different thick photoresists for MEMS applications. Proc. Eurosensors XVI Conference, pp. 103-104, Prague, Sept. 2002.

Kukharenka, A. and Kraft, M. Realisation of electroplating moulds with different thick photoresists for MEMS applications. Proc. 4th International Conference on Material for Microelectronics and Nanoengineering,  pp.165-168, Espoo, Finland, June 2002.

Gaura, E. and Kraft, M. Noise considerations for closed loop digital accelerometers. Proc. 5rd Conf. on Modelling and Simulation of Microsystems, pp. 154-157, Puerto Rico, April 2002.

2001

Houlihan, R., Kukharenka, A., Gindila, M. and Kraft, M. Analysis and design of a capacitive accelerometer based on a electrostatically levitated micro-disk. Proc. SPIE Conf. on Reliability, Testing and Characterization of MEMS/MOEMS, pp. 277-286, San Francisco, 2001.

Alavi, F.N., Kraft, M. and King, D.O. Sensitivity analysis of a high performance accelerometer. Proc. Conf. on Micromechanics Europe, pp. 305-308, Cork, Ireland, 2001.

Niblock, T., Kraft, M. and Sehr, H. Design criteria for a hybrid nano/ photolithography system. Proc. Conf. on Micromechanics Europe, pp. 305-308, Cork, Ireland, 2001.

Houlihan, R. and Kraft, M. Modelling of an accelerometer based on a levitated proof mass. Proc. Conf. on Micromechanics Europe, pp. 313-316, Cork, Ireland, 2001.

Kraft, M. and Gaura, E. Intelligent control for a micromachined tunneling accelerometer. Proc. Int. MEMS Workshop (IMEMS), pp. 738-742, Singapore, 2001.

Kraft, M., Redman-White, W and Mokhtari, M.E. Closed loop micromachined sensors with higher order SD-Modulators. Proc. 4rd Conf. on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, pp. 104-107, Hilton Head Island, March 2001.

Gaura, E. and Kraft, M. Comparison of two novel control strategies for a closed loop micromachined tunnelling accelerometer. Proc. 4rd Conf. on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, pp. 100-103, Hilton Head Island, March 2001.

2000

Schabmueller. C.G.J., Koch, M., Kraft, M., Evans A.G.R. and Brunnschweiler, A. Design and fabrication of a self-aligning gas/liquid micropump. Proc. SPIE Micromachining and Microfabrication Conference – Microfluidic Devices and Systems III, pp. 282 – 290, Santa Clara, USA 2000.

Kraft, M. Farooqui, M.M. and Evans, A. Modelling and design of an  electrostatically levitated disk. Proc. Conf. on Micromechanics Europe, Paper C12, Stockholm, 2000.

Jiang, X., Seeger, J.I., Kraft, M., and Boser, B.E. A Monolithic surface micromachined Z-axis gyroscope with digital output. Proc.  Symposium on VLSI Circuits, pp. 16-19, Hawaii, USA, June 2000.

Sehr, H., Evans, A.G.R., Brunnschweiler, A., Ensell G.J. and Kraft, M. A 3-dmensional actuator based on a novel combination of thermally actuated planar and vertical bimorphs. Proc. 7th Int. Conf. On New Actuators, pp. 486 – 489, Bremen, Germany, June 2000.

Sehr, H., Evans, A.G.R., Brunnschweiler, A. and Kraft, M. Theoretical Analyses on a Novel Actuator Based on Thermally Actuated Vertical Bimorphs. Proc. Eurosensors XIV, M4S3, pp. 173-174, Copenhagen, August, 2000.

Seeger, J.I., Jiang, X., Kraft, M., and Boser, B.E. Sense finger dynamics in a SD force feedback gyroscope. Tech. Digest of Solid State Sensor and Acuator Workshop, Hilton Head Island, pp. 296-299, USA, June 2000.

Kraft, M. and Evans, A. System level simulation of an electrostatically levitated disk. Proc. 3rd Conf. on Modeling and Simulation of Microsystems, pp. 130-133, San Diego, March 2000.

1999

Gaura, E. Kraft, M. Steele, N. and Rider, R.J. A comparison of approaches for the design of closed-loop micromachined accelerometers. Proc. 13th International Conference on Systems Engineering, pp. 163-168, Las Vegas, 1999.

1998

Kraft, M., and Lewis, C.P. System level simulation of a digital accelerometer. First Int. Conf. On Modelling and Simulation of Microsystems (MSM 98), pp. 267-272, Santa Clara, 1998.

1997

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P., Hesketh, T.G. and Szymkowiak, S. A novel micromachined accelerometer capacitive interface.  Proc. Eurosensor XI, Vol. 2, pp. 1017-1020, Warsaw, 1997.

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P. and Hesketh, T.G. Control system design study for a micromachined accelerometer. Proc. second IFAC Workshop on New Trends in Design of Control Systems 97, pp. 128-132, Smolenice, 1997.

Kraft, M. and Lewis, C.P. A generic approach to closed loop, digital transducers. Proc. SENSOR 97, Inter. Fair and Congress, paper C4.4, Vol. 1, pp. 269-273, Nürnberg, 1997.

1996

Lewis, C.P. and Kraft, M. Simulation of a micromachined digital accelerometer in SIMULINK and PSPICE. Proc. UKACC Int. Conf. on Control, Vol. 1, pp. 205 - 209, Exeter, 1996.

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P. and Hesketh, T.G. Characterization and modelling of a digital micromachined accelerometer. Proc. Int. Conf. on Systems Eng., pp.218 - 223, Las Vegas, 1996.

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P., Hesketh, T.G. and Tulmann, J. Signal pick-off in micromachined accelerometers. Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Opt. of Electric and Electronic Equipment, Vol. II, pp. 391-399, Brasov, 1996.

Lewis, C.P., Hesketh, T.G. and Kraft, M. An electric current transducer for industrial use. Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Opt. of Electric and Electronic Equipment, Vol. II, pp. 263-266, Brasov, 1996.

Lewis, C.P., Hesketh, T.G. and Kraft, M. A low cost electric current transducer. Proc. 7th Int. Power Electronics and Motion Control Conf., Vol. 1, pp. 351-354, Budapest, 1996.

Kraft, M., Lewis, C.P. and Hesketh, T.G. Development of a digital accelerometer for low-frequency structural vibration measurement. Proc. MTEC, Birmingham, 1996.

1995

Lewis, C.P., Kraft, M. and Hesketh, T.G. Design and development of a digital transducer. Proc. AEROTECH ‘95, Birmingham, 1995.

Lewis, C.P., Kraft, M. and Hesketh, T.G. A micromachined, digital, closed-loop accelerometer. Proc. AUTOTECH ‘95, Birmingham, 1995.

Lewis, C.P., Kraft, M. and Hesketh, T.G. Characterization and modelling of a micromachined accelerometer. Proc. 12th Int. Conf. On Systems Science, Vol. 2, pp.143-149, Wroclaw, 1995.

Lewis, C.P., Kraft, M., Hesketh, T.G. Developments in digital transducers for vehicle control and telemetric instrumentation. Proc. 2nd IFAC Conf. on Intelligent Auton. Vehicles, pp. 32-36, Helsinki, 1995.

1994

Lewis, C.P., Kraft, M., Hesketh, T.G. The development of a digital accelerometer. Proc. 27th ISATA, pp. 873-879, Aachen, 1994.